MARE2DEM allows for arbitrary orientations of transmitter dipoles. The orientation of electric and magnetic dipole transmitters are described by the two angles of the dipole axis: the horizontal azimuth and the vertical dip angle.

MARE2DEM allows for arbitrary orientations of transmitter dipoles. The orientation of electric and magnetic dipole transmitters are described by the two angles of the dipole axis: the horizontal azimuth and the vertical dip angle.

For MT receivers, the *x *coordinate of the receivers is ignored by MARE2DEM since the 2D MT fields are strike invariant. For controlled-source electromagnetic receivers, there are a few considerations you need to mind about the accuracy of MARE2DEM, which uses a total field implementation for the source and a wavenumber domain transformation to compute the spatially varying EM fields:

- The receiver
*x*component should be close the to transmitter*x*position. Receivers don't need to be perfectly inline, but if they are more than 1-2 km down-strike from the transmitter (gray regions below), the default settings for the wavenumber domain transforms in MARE2DEM may break down due to highly oscillatory kernel functions. - Due to the source singularity in the 2.5D wavenumber domain, receivers located down strike from the transmitter (pink region below) may be inaccurate unless they are positioned much deeper than the source.
- If modeling point dipoles, remember that receivers closer than a few real dipole lengths from the transmitter will be inaccurate due to finite length dipole effects (red region below). You can instead specify a finite length dipole in the data file, but this comes at an increased numerical effort for MARE2DEM (more on that in another tutorial).

Note: UTM referencing is only used for plotting purposes. MARE2DEM completely ignores this for the 2D EM calculations.

To help with post-inversion plotting of well logs and SEG-Y seismic overlays on your 2D inversion models, the data file has a line for specifying the UTM zone, origin and rotation of the 2D model coordinates:

The 2D strike angle is the geographic angle corresponding to the *x* direction of the 2D model, clockwise from north. The example below has a 2D strike of 20º.

Receivers and transmitters can be located anywhere in conducting parts of the model domain, but some care is needed to make sure MARE2DEM will output meaningful results. Seafloor EM transmitters and receivers should be located at least a little bit above the seafloor boundary; this is so that MARE2DEM knows they are in the seawater rather than the seafloor below. Likewise, land EM receivers and transmitters should be positioned a tad below the surface. A small vertical distance such as 0.1 m is sufficient; make sure you remember that *z * is positive down, so seafloor receivers should have a *z * position slightly *less* than the seafloor depth. You can also have borehole transmitters and receivers, but these have only received a small amount of testing so far.